New edition of the Law “On Collective Agreements and Contracts”
On April 11, 2023, the President of Ukraine signed the Law “On Collective Agreements and Agreements” No. 7628 (hereinafter referred to as the Law), which introduces a number of changes to the regulation of the activities of the parties when concluding and fulfilling the terms of collective agreements.
The new Law introduces the possibility of remuneration below the conditions determined by collective agreements (but not below state norms) in the event of financial difficulties for the employer.
The Law defines the procedure for suspending the fulfillment of obligations regarding wage conditions that exceed the state minimum requirements for a period not exceeding 6 months.
In addition, the Law contains a number of other procedural clarifications, in particular:
1. The activities of several primary trade unions at the enterprise have been regulated, in particular, in terms of their material and technical support.
In particular, the employer provides premises for the activities of the joint representative body of the trade unions operating in the enterprise. In the absence of such a body, the premises shall be provided for joint use by all trade unions on the terms stipulated by a separate agreement.
A requirement has been established for the presence in the collective agreement of the procedure for joining new trade unions to the collective agreement.
Also, in the case of participation in negotiations with the employer of several trade union organizations, the issues of exclusion of one of the trade unions from the negotiation procedure in case of ignoring procedural issues on its part were settled.
2. The Law clarifies the procedure for concluding, introducing amendments and participation of representatives of the parties when concluding a collective agreement
In particular, the possibility of holding a general meeting (conference) of employees in an online format has been introduced.
The minimum required number of employees at the general meeting of employees for decision-making is also established – at least half of the employees or at least two-thirds of the delegated persons.
3. The Law regulates the procedure and establishes the requirement that the collective agreement should contain:
3.1. the procedure and conditions for suspension of some provisions of the collective agreement validity for a certain period;
3.2. a list of force majeure circumstances, upon the occurrence of which the operation of certain provisions of the collective agreement is suspended.
Thus, the possibility of automatic suspension of certain provisions of the collective agreement under predetermined in it list of circumstances is being introduced.
At the same time, we would like to draw attention to the date of entry into force of the Law – in 6 months from the date of termination or cancellation of martial law, which means that these innovations cannot be reflected and used now. But it is already possible to start discussing the draft of a new collective agreement and negotiations with the trade union.